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How does the doctor diagnose type 1 diabetes for children?


Type 1 diabetes is a disease in which the body loses its ability to produce insulin and people with type 1 diabetes are unable to make insulin on their own. Type 1 diabetes occurs in any age, but is most commonly diagnosed in children, adolescents, and young adults. 10% of all cases of diabetes, through the "Children's Health" series, we learn about the methods of diagnosing type 1 diabetes for children, according to the "childrens health" website.



Symptoms of type 1 diabetes in children

 

-Fatigue and tiredness


- blurry vision


-frequent urination


Increased/decreased appetite


-thirst


-Weight loss


Methods for diagnosing diabetes in children

 

There are several ways in which diabetes can be diagnosed:


Fasting blood sugar (not eating for 8 hours or more) 126 mg/dL


Random blood glucose 200 mg/dL with symptoms of hyperglycemia


Hemoglobin A1C test ≥ 6.5%


Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) with 2-hour blood glucose test 200 mg/dL


Causes of diabetes in children

 

The exact cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown, but doctors believe it is an autoimmune disorder. This means the body sees the pancreas as an enemy and attacks it. Infection sometimes causes the body to mistakenly attach beta cells that make insulin. There are three contributing factors.


Heredity - the types of inherited genetic cells


Autoimmunity - the immune system mistakes insulin cells for invaders and attacks them


Environment - The genetic makeup of a virus or chemical may allow it to attack the body's cells


Type 1 diabetes isn't caused by eating too much sugar or staying up late.

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