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8 tips to reduce the risk of infectious diseases


There are several practical ways to maintain your health and prevent infection, especially in light of the Corona virus, and according to the “verywellhealth” report, there are many simple and effective ways to reduce the risk of contracting a transmitted infection, regardless of its type,


Here are steps to add to your personal protective practices:


1. Wash your hands

 

Many people don't realize that microbes can live on surfaces anywhere from a few minutes to several months, depending on the environment and the type of pathogen, meaning that some viruses and bacteria may be able to survive on surfaces they touch regularly, such as a computer keyboard. Or a light switch or a doorknob.


Hand-to-face and hand-to-mouth transmission is among the most common ways infectious diseases spread. To avoid this, routine hand washing is recommended to limit exposure of the pathogen to your mouth, eyes or nose.


2. Avoid sharing personal items

 

Dental tools, towels, razors, wipes, and nail clippers can all be sources of infectious pathogens, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites.


3. Cover your mouth when coughing or sneezing

 

Good hygiene includes not only personal hygiene, but also the age-old practice of covering your mouth when you cough or sneeze.


Many respiratory infections are spread by droplets that fall to the ground quickly but can infect people nearby. Others cause airborne transmission where fine, flying particles can travel longer distances to infect others.


To prevent the spread of respiratory infections, the CDC recommends covering your mouth with your arm, sleeve, or elbow instead of using your bare hands.


4. Get the necessary vaccinations

 

Your immune system is designed to have a "memory" of a previous infection, enabling a rapid response (in the form of antibodies, B cells, and T cells) if the pathogen returns. Vaccination does much the same, exposing the body to a weakened or killed form of the agent. pathogen so that the same defensive cells are produced.


Getting the vaccinations you need will protect you and those around you from infection and disease, by following the recommended vaccination schedule for children as well as the list of recommended vaccinations and adult boosters (including the annual flu shot).


5. Wear a mask

 

The mask has become a part of people's daily lives with the emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic, and one of the benefits of this practice is that it not only helps in slowing down the advertisement of the coronavirus but has also led to a sharp drop in flu cases during the 2020-2021 flu season.


A mask not only helps you avoid contracting infectious respiratory diseases, but also prevents you from infecting others should you become infected. As such, the practice of wearing a face mask should be adhered to in any situation when you have respiratory symptoms and are unable to self-isolate.


6. Ensure food safety

 

Foodborne illnesses often arise from poor food preparation. In addition, the use of separate cutting boards—one for raw meat and one for produce—can prevent cross-contamination. Make sure to keep your work surfaces properly clean, wash your hands frequently, and wash all raw fruits and vegetables before eating them.



7. Avoid animal-borne diseases

 

Infections that can be passed from animals to humans, called zoonoses, are more common than some may realize. If you have pets, make sure they have regular checkups and that their vaccinations are up to date.

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