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A study reveals: Neurological complications of Corona are rare in children

A study of 38 children investigated the neurological complications of corona virus in children, which is the largest so far in the central nervous system imaging of corona manifestations in children.

An international expert review published in the Lancet of positive neuroimaging findings in children with acute and post-infectious corona found that strokes, which are more commonly reported in adults with corona, were less frequent in children.

The study researchers at Ann and Robert H. Lowry Hospital for Children in Chicago said: “Thanks to great international cooperation, we found that neuroimaging manifestations of corona infection in children can range from mild to severe, explaining the need to pay attention to the neurological effects of Corona and to recognize the neuroimaging manifestations that can be Confronting them in children, which can facilitate correct and timely diagnosis, mitigate disease spread, and prevent major deaths. "

In order to understand the neuroimaging findings encountered in the clinical context, the team divided the cases into 4 categories of disease based on children's symptoms and laboratory results, and in this way they were able to assess a large number of cases simultaneously, and to identify repeated neuroimaging patterns in acute disease stages. And post-infection.

An abnormality in the spinal nerve roots has been observed on an MRI in several cases, and this neuroimaging finding is usually seen with Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS), which is a post-infection autoimmune disease, and the study showed that GBS associated with Corona can It appears as an acute sub-infectious process.

Other findings that were seen a lot were MRI areas within a specific area of ​​the brain, the spleen of the corpus callosum, and myositis. These were frequently identified with multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C), which is a serious complication of corona.

Also, the researchers revealed that one of the children had acute myelitis and eventually became a quadriplegic, and they said that our observations indicate that while most children with Corona-related nervous system disease are doing well, some can be severely affected, we have encountered 4 cases of Atypical infections of the central nervous system in previously healthy children diagnosed with acute corona, which was uniformly fatal.

The results of the study confirm the importance of being aware of the atypical and less widespread consequences of corona as a neurological disease in children infected with the virus.